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Cultural and historic monuments

Greece is full of archaeological sites and monuments of distinctive prestige and charm, on which all known periods of its long-standing history have left their mark.  Visitors have the opportunity to make a unique “journey” through the rare “mosaic” of historic and cultural memory which has left an indelible mark on every region of the country and effortlessly highlights the manifold manifestations of Greek culture to date.  

AEGAE is the ancient capital of Lower Macedonia, where ancestral sanctuaries of the Macedonians and the palaces and the tombs with their famous treasures of the Argead dynasty were found. This dynasty gave Greek history the most famous figure, Alexander the Great.  

ATHENS is the capital of Greece. Being one of the oldest cities in the world it is not surprising that the city has extremely rich cultural and historic heritage.  The icon of Athens is definitely The Acropolis, which is the greatest and finest sanctuary of this ancient city dedicated to its patron, the goddess Athena.  

ATHOS is situated in the most eastern and beautiful peninsula of Halkidiki. It is the only place in Greece that is completely dedicated to prayer and worship of God. It has been divided into twenty self- governed territories. Each territory consists of a cardinal monastery and other monastic establishments.

BASSAE is an archaeological site in the Western Peloponnese famous for its Temple of Apollo Epicurius, who was the god of healing and sun. The temple, which has the oldest Corinthian capital yet found, combines the Archaic style and the stillness of the Doric style with some daring architectural features. 

CHIOS is the fifth largest island situated in the Aegean Sea. Its main attraction is the 11th century Nea Moni Monastery located in the centre of the island.

CORFU is the biggest island in the Ionian Sea. The old town of Corfu city became a part of UNESCO World Heritage. Other attractions include Palaio Frourio (Old Fortress), Neo Frourio (New Fortress), Ano and Kato Plateia, which is the biggest square in the Balkans.

CRETE is the largest Greek island and a popular tourist destination. Its main attractions include the Minoan sites of Knossos with legend of Minotaur and the palace of Phaistos, the Roman capital of Gortys, the Venetian castle Rethymno and the Smaria Gorge.

DAPHNI monastery lies to the west of Athens, almost half-way along the ancient Sacred Way to Eleusis. The first monastery was erected on the site in the 6th century A.D. and was enclosed by strong defensive walls, almost square in plan.  

DELOS is an island in the Aegean Sea, which was a holy sanctuary for a millennium before Greek mythology made it the birthplace of Apollo and Artemis.   

DELPHI is one of the most important cult sites in Greece thanks to the mystical Apollo’s Temple. The town stands on the slopes of Mount Parnassus.  

EPIDAURUS is the sanctuary of the god-physician Asklepios, the most famous healing centre of the Greek and Roman world, known as the cradle of medicine.  

KOS is an island in the Dodecanese and it is believed to be a birthplace of the ancient physician Hippocrates. The Plane Tree of Hippocrates and Hippocratic Museum are the main attractions on the island. 

 

LEFKADA is an island in the Ionian Sea. According to the Greek mythology the poet Sappho leaped to her death from the high cliffs of Cape Lefkada. The island is also related to the goddess of love, Aphrodite and Odysseus, the hero of Odyssey.  

MYCENAE is the ancient kingdom of mythical Agamemnon most important centre of Late Bronze Age in Greece. Its name was given to the Mycenaean civilisation, one of the greatest civilisations in Greek prehistory.  It is also famous for the great Cyclopean walls and the Lion Gate, the symbol of the rulers’ power.  

MYSTRAS was a fortified town near ancient Sparta. It was built as an amphitheatre around the fortress, which erected in 1240 by the prince of Achaia, William Villehardouin. Nowadays only the breathtaking medieval ruins remain.  

METEORA is one of the biggest and most important monasteries in Greece.  It is famous for its amazing location on the monolithic gigantic rocks, from where there are stunning views over the Pindos Mountains.   

OLYMPIA is the cradle of the Olympic Games. The archaeological site includes the sanctuary of Zeus and the other buildings used for the preparation and celebration of the Olympic Games, administrative buildings and other lay buildings and monuments. There is also Museum of Modern Olympic Games. 

OSSIOS LUCAS monastery lies on the west slope of Mount Helikon, below the acropolis of ancient Steirion. It is enclosed by a wall and comprises two- and three-storeyed blocks of cells, a bell-tower at the SW corner, the Refectory on the south side and the two adjoining churches, at the centre of the enclosure.  

PATMOS is a small island of the Dodecanese island group in the Aegean Sea.  Its main tourist attractions are Monastery of Aghios Ioannis Theologos and the Cave of the Apocalypse, which are both included in UNESCO World Heritage.  

RHODES is the largest island in the Dodecanese group. The beautiful Town of Rhodes is with its Palace of the Grand Masters, Great Hospital, Street of the Knights and the upper Town one of the most beautiful Gothic towns.  SAMOS is an island in the Aegean Sea, a member of the Dodecanese.  The island is the location of the joint UNESCO World Heritage Site of the temple of Heraion and the ancient fortified port of Pythagoreion.  

SANTORINI is a small circular archipelago of volcanic islands located in the southern Aegean Sea. Its spectacular natural beauty with its stunning architecture and reputed nightlife make the island a popular holiday destination.  

SKIATHOS is a small island in the Aegean Sea. The island is largely forested and has around 70 sandy beaches.

SKYROS is the southernmost and biggest island of the Sporades. The main attractions include the Venetian Castle, Monastery of Saint George and the Bronze Age archaeological site of Palamari.

SPARTA is an ancient city in Southern Greece founded in the 10th century B.C. It is famous for being a military state and culture that were formed by Dorian Greek around 80 years after the Trojan War. An interesting fact is that all the men of Spartan birth had to serve in the army after the age of 7.

SYROS  is a Cycladic island and its wonderful capital, Ermoupolis, is the capital of all the Cyclades. The Greek island of Syros is full of beauties and charms created by its unspoiled landscape, its authenticity and its traditional villages.

THESSALONIKI is Greece’s second largest city and the capital of Macedonia. It is famous for its monuments of Early Christian and Byzantine architecture.  

TIRYNS is a Mycenaean archaeological site in the Peloponnese peninsula. In the acient times the town was linked to the myths that it has been the birthplace of Heracles. As well as Mycenae this town is also linked to the Homeric epics of the Illiad and the Odyssey.