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Weather in Turkey

Although Turkey is situated in a geographical location where climatic conditions are quite temperate, the diverse nature of the landscape, and the existence in particular of the mountains that run parallel to the coasts, result in significant differences in climatic conditions from one region to the other. While the coastal regions enjoy milder climates, the inland Anatolia plateau experiences hot summers and cold winters with limited rainfall. 

 In Istanbul and around the sea of Marmara (Marmara region) the climate is moderate (winter 4°C and summer 27°C); in winter the temperature can drop below zero. In Western Anatolia (Aegean region) there is a mild Mediterranean climate with average temperatures of 9 °C in winter and 29°C in summer. On the southern coast of Anatolia (Mediterranean region) the same climate can be found. The climate of the Anatolian Plateau (Central Anatolian region) is a steppe climate (there is a great temperature difference between day and night). Rainfall is low and there is more snow. The average temperature is 23°C in summer and -2°C in winter. The climate in the Black Sea area (Black Sea region) is wet, warm and humid (summer 23°C, winter 7°C). In Eastern Anatolia and South-Eastern Anatolia there is a long harsh winter, where the snow falls from November until the end of April (the average temperature in winter is -13°C and in summer 17°C).

The tourist high season (with associated higher rates) is from mid-June through mid-September; however spring and autumn are the best seasons to travel.

Average Temperatures for Major Regions (IN CELSIUS)

 

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

ANTALYA (South)

10

11

13

16

20

25

28

28

25

20

15

12

IZMIR (West)

9

10

11

16

20

25

28

27

23

18

15

10

ISTANBUL (Northeast)

5

6

7

12

16

21

23

23

20

16

12

8

TRABZON (North)

6

6

7

11

15

20

22

22

19

15

12

9

ANKARA (Central)

0

1

5

11

16

20

23

23

18

13

8

2

ERZURUM (East)

-9

-7

-3

5

11

15

19

20

15

9

2

-5

DIYARBAKIR (Southeast)

2

2

8

14

19

26

31

31

25

17

10

4